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Appellation of origin Lodi
Lodi Wine Country is a region between the San Francisco Bay and the Sierra Nevada mountain range that quickly became one of California's most interesting wine destinations. Over the past decade, creative and advanced technology has put the region in the spotlight. Today, Lodi is home to more than 80 wineries with hundreds of grape varieties from around the world, and the Lodi appellation has a classic Mediterranean climate with warm days and cool nights. The fresh "delta breeze" is located 100 miles east of San Francisco Bay on the delta edge of the San Joaquin / Sacramento River, giving the region natural air throughout the vegetation period. Lodi receives most of its rainfall in the winter months, so the dry season reduces the problems of pests and diseases. The whole area is special, concentrated varieties from around the world, predominantly red grapes, with about two thirds of the area and more than 100 varieties in production. Lodi offers a wide selection of wines:
- French varieties: Lodi is home to Cabernet Sauvignon, Chardonnay, Merlot, Sauvignon Blanc and Zinfandel.
- Spanish varieties: Albariño, Verdejo, Graciano, Tempranillo and Garnacha are just a few of the interesting Spanish varieties grown on the Lodi soil.
- Portuguese varieties: These are usually relatively dark grapes such as Touriga Nacional, Tinta Cão, Souzão, Verdelho and Tricadeira, which find a natural home in the vineyards.
- German varieties: Along the river Mokelumne there are about 50 unique German varieties such as Kerner, Bacchus, Riesling, Dornfelder, Gewürztraminer and Zweigelt, which have surprisingly adapted to the location.
- Italian varieties: The Italian immigration since the last century is notorious and brought forth the flowering of the varieties Barbera, Aglianco, Sangiovese, Teroldego and Vermentino.
History of the Lodi Wine Region
Captain Charles Weber, the founder of Stockton, was the first to plant grapes around his house in 1850, and two years later George West of Massachusetts came to California to win gold. When he saw Weber's flowering vines, he had the brilliant idea of establishing the first commercial vineyard in the region north of Stockton at the southern end of the Lodi appellation. West could see that California had very few wineries, and in 1858 he built the El Pinal winery and became the first fully commercialized winemaker in the region to expand into new and diverse varieties: the Zinfandel and Tokay grapes then stood out from the others. Shortly after the turn of the century, the development of the vineyards flourished to such an extent that shipping companies emerged to help distribute the products.
Wine making in Lodi**Industry leaders in sustainable winemaking, today's winemakers combine the best of tradition with the latest advances in science and technology to preserve their land for generations to come. A new generation of farmers is rediscovering their rich heritage and striving to produce world-class wines that compete with the best Californian wines. In 2005, the first certification program for sustainable viticulture was adopted and is among the strictest and most comprehensive in the country. The programme plays a key role in creating transparency and trust among farmers, wineries and consumers. The Lodi Rules have more than 100 sustainable agricultural practices that take a holistic approach to agriculture. This holistic approach goes beyond pest control and encompasses:
- Sustainable visions: Practices are continuously evaluated to refine production methods. For plant protection, natural habitats are created and preserved. Local turf is planted in the vineyards to minimise tractor use and reduce air pollution. Native grasses and trees are preserved and protect the wildlife habitat. Irrigation is carefully planned to avoid waste.
- Soil fertility: Organic material containing compost and controlling fertiliser and irrigation is added to the soil.
Further interesting information
The combination of ambition, a sense of tradition and an unwavering commitment to the quality of Lodi's winegrowers**, who find a clever balance between modern science and traditional methods, is remarkable. They have set out to produce world-class wines and the region is moving into another category, attracting international attention and taking part in elite circles.
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