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This Vin de Pays is one of the 6 regional designations in France with the European IGP label (Protected Geographical Indication). This designation of origin has 12 regions and stands for a variety of terroirs and grape varieties: this wine is produced in the vineyards of south-west France, in the wine regions of Ariège, Aveyron, Gers, Landes, Lot, Lot-et-Garonne, Haute-Garonne, Pyrénées-Atlantiques, Hautes-Pyrénées, Tarn, Tarn-et-Garonne and Cantal.
The appellation is known for still and sparkling red, rosé and white wines as well as wines made from overripe white grapes. The wines on the left bank of the Garonne are generally white, while those on the other bank are more red and rosé.
The Aquitaine basin was previously known as Vin de Pays du Comté Tolosan. However, as the category of local wines was gradually removed from French wine law in 2009, it now falls under the category of French wines with Protected Geographical Indication (IGP- Indication Géographique Protégée).
The vineyards cover no less than 3,600 hectares, with a production of 270,000 hectolitres and a distribution of 55% for red wines, 30% for rosé wines and 15% for white wines.
The geographical location
The vineyards of the appellation Comté Tolosan are located in the Aquitaine basin. They are surrounded by the mountain ranges of the Pyrenees in the south, the Massif Central in the north and east and the Atlantic Ocean with its humid air in the west. This also includes the catchment area of Adour and the upper Garonne Basin. Most of the vineyard is located on the tertiary sedimentary soils of the Aquitaine Basin and on the former alluvial land of the Quaternary Terraces.
The climate there is * of a temperate oceanic type. The region generally enjoys mild and rainy winters and rather cool and humid summers. This oceanic influence decreases as we move east. There you will find a ***Mediterranean** influence in warmer and drier summers. On the side of the mountainous foothills, there are also stricter continental winter temperatures.
The grape varieties
The different grape varieties are as follows:
- Red: Cabernet Franc, Cabernet Sauvignon, Cot, Duras, Fer Servadou, Gamay, Merlot, Négrette, Pinot, Syrah and Tannat. This region produces light, round, smooth and harmonious red wines. They underline the richness and complexity of the aromatic potential of the wines with fresh and fruity aromas. It is recommended to try the wine as a side dish with meat, such as grilled rib steak or foie gras terrine, and cheese at a temperature of 16 to 18°. Specially developed for the Gamay, Duras, Cot, Merlot and Cabernet Sauvignon grape varieties, it has a garnet colour with violet reflections. The bouquet is unmistakable, distinguished, with notes of red fruits, red currants, strawberries and black fruits. A hint of spices, menthol and liquorice are present at will. It is a strong, robust wine with good substance and pleasant fruit.
- Rosé: Made from the same grape varieties as red wines, rosé wines are lively, with fruity and spicy aromas combined with freshness. The Syrah grape varieties and Dura provide a particularly appetizing result. It has a beautiful deep pink colour and a bouquet of bright red berries, similar to sour sweets. On the palate, it is round, fresh and fruity. Rosé wines are excellent wines that can be drunk as an aperitif with tapas. They also go well with grilled meat, salads or fruit-based desserts. It is better to consume them quickly in the year following the harvest.
* - White: * Chardonnay, Chenin, Colombard, Len de l'El, Gros et Petit Manseng, Mauzac, Muscadelle, Sauvignon Blanc, Sémillon and Ugni Blanc. These wines are mainly produced in the Gers and show an exceptional and complex aromatic power. Dry white wines show fruity and floral aromas. It is a wine with a light yellow colour, clear and brilliant; the nose is aromatic with aromas of citrus fruits and white meat fruits. The palate is round, well structured and lively. Sparkling wines provide more freshness with good acidity. They are ideal drinks for aperitifs or meals, including fish or seafood such as langoustines or avocado with prawns. It is best served very chilled, at 8°. These wines must be consumed within 2 years of harvest.
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