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The wine region of Borba is located in Portugal in the region of Alentejo. Here wines with an excellent price-performance ratio are produced.
The history of Borba
Borba is a Portuguese village in the district of Évora, located in the region of Alentejo and in the central municipality of Alentejo and has about 4,600 inhabitants.
By studying historical data, we find the first traces of viticulture in the region during the period of the Roman colonization. The oldest documents mention viticulture in [Alentejo] (https://www.uvinum.co.uk/alentejo_s:k:region-alentejo-wine) since the foundation of the state.
Some sources speak of the export of Alentejo wine in the 17th century. The main destinations were India, Africa and Brazil. In the 19th century, the vineyard covered almost the entire territory of the region, with the exception of Mértola and Barrancos.
With the appearance of phylloxera and other pests, the vineyards became empty. The decline of viticulture in Alentejo has led to the emergence of olive groves on vineyards.
In the 20th century the Alentejo area was to be transformed into a cereal-growing region, and the creation of the Wheat Company in the 1930s contributed to the reduction of vineyards.
Since the late 1950s, after the creation of the wine cooperatives Borba (1958), Redondo (1960), Portalegre (1962), Vidigueira (1963), Granja (1965) and Reguengos de Monsaraz (1971), an important step has been taken to revitalise viticulture in the Alentejo.
In 1983 the Technical Association of Alentejo Wine Growers (ATEVA - Associação Técnica dos Viticultores do Alentejo) was founded, followed in 1989 by the Regional Alentejo Wine Commission (Comissão Vitivinícola Regional Alentejana).
Every year in November, Borba hosts the Festival of Vines and Wine. It is a tradition deeply rooted in the minds of its inhabitants, with wine occupying a special place in their hearts.
The Borba grape variety
The Borba grape variety is a native white Iberian grape variety that produces a unique wine. The grape variety comes from the Spanish region of Extremadura and is very productive. This grape has been mentioned in various writings in Spain since 1513.
Alentejo is divided into 8 wine regions: Vidigueira, Granja-Amareleja, Reguengos, Redondo, Borba, Moura, Evora and Portalegre. Moreover, the vast Altentejana plain has a geographical area with the districts of Portalegre, Evora and Beja, where the regional wine of Alentejano is produced, a concept that encompasses different wines and accurately reflects the wine region of Alentejo with all its traditions.
This grape variety is blended with other varieties to produce blends and fresh straw yellow wines. This grape variety is intended for the production of wine recommended in Extremadura. It is cultivated in the D.O Ribera del Guadiana, which covers a large part of the province of Badajoz and the southeast of Cáceres in the Autonomous Community of Extremadura. The vineyard of this young designation of origin is divided into six wine-growing subzones, each with a special character and a particular and ancient wine-growing tradition.
Borba's geographical location
Borba is located in Alto Alentejo, in the district of Évora. The village houses a "concelho", a Portuguese municipality with an area of 145.12 km² and about 7800 inhabitants, which is divided into 4 municipalities. The municipalities are bordered to the northeast by the municipality of Monforte, to the east by Elvas, to the southeast by Vila Viçosa, to the southwest by Redondo and to the west by Estremoz.
The different characteristics of the soil depending on the area (granite, limestone, Mediterranean or slate) and many hours of sunshine lead to a high-quality production. Quality combines with the ability to preserve the tradition of taste and, at the same time, to renew the art of winemaking.
Borba is also divided into 4 Freguesias, a term that refers to the smallest administrative unit in the Portuguese territory:
- Rio de Moinhos
- São Bartolomeu
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