When we talk about sparkling wines, the first that come to mind are of course champagne, cava and prosecco, from Italy, specifically from the Veneto region. But, what makes different this Italian wine and its French counterpart? What is the reason because its price and reputation are lower? Here are some of these differences.
Origin, elaboration and price
While champagne is produced in the homonymous French region (in the north-east of France and around the city of Reims), prosecco is produced in Veneto, near the city of Treviso and north of Venice.
The grapes used in the production of champagne are chardonnay, pinot noir and pinot meunier, and in order to obtain the final product they use the traditional method or champenoise (the same used in cava, American sparkling wines and Italian Franciacorta), the costlier system among the ones used to add bubbles to wine.
As for the Italian sparkling wine, it is made from Prosecco grapes, also known as glera, and following the Charmat or Italian method, in which the second fermentation takes place in stainless steel tanks, which makes its production cheaper.
Is this because champagne is more expensive? Partly yes, although the processing method alone does not explain why a good “inexpensive” champagne can cost about 40 Euros and a prosecco in the same category costs only 12-15 Euros. The higher price of champagne is also explained by the perception of luxury product that it has been able to generate over its history in consumers worldwide.
Champagne is aged longer, so it presents typical notes from a longer contact with the yeast, which can range from cheese rind to cake. The bubble is finer and more persistent and we can also find tastes of almonds, orange zest and white cherry.
In prosecco we can find more fruity and floral aromas, due to the grape variety, with thicker and less persistent bubbles and tastes of tropical fruit, hazelnut or vanilla.
Pol Roger produces Pol Roger Brut Réserve, a sparkling wine of the Champagne DO which blend contains pinot Noir and chardonnay and with an alcoholic strength of 12.5º.
Vigna Dogarina is the maker of this Vigna Dogarina Prosecco Extra Dry.