In Friuli, in the Northeastern Italy, we find some of the best known Italian white wines, although the region is relatively small compared to the rest of Italy.
In this region, vignerons grow thirty varieties of wine of different types, which often occurs in small amounts. Among the most popular areas of the region, we find the following ones:
1. Friuli Grave
Friuli Grave represents more than half of the production. It consists of a large flat valley where the ground has a lot of big stones. The stones are heated in the day and cool down at night, which it helps to ripen the grapes during the day, while maintaining high acidity. Today, wines made from Pinot Grigio and Prosecco are the undisputed kings of Friuli-Grave, and are ideal for combining with sushi, vegetables, and light cheese, or alone as a refreshing aperitif.
2. Colli Orientali del Friuli
Located in the east of Udine, in this area, you will find both local and international varieties including Sauvignon Blanc, Chardonnay, and Pinot Grigio. The white wines of Colli Orientali del Friuli have aromas of white flowers and ripe apples. On the palate, you can taste a lot of fruit and a long tingly aftertaste.
The most important local varieties include Friulano, lean and hard grapes with delicate notes of thyme and apricot; Meyer, whose wines are reminiscent of lemon, ripe red currant and a final bitter almond; Ribolla Gialla (Jal-la), grapes of high acidity, rich flavors of apricot, tangerine and Asian pear structure; and finally, Malvasia (mal-vah-see-ah), characterized by crispy floral notes and perfume.
Although these wines are not cheap and are hard to find, they are really special and appreciated thanks to its flavors of acacia honey, figs, dried fruit and mineral flavors with sweetness balanced by acidity. They go perfectly with pastry desserts based on nuts, cured cheeses or simply alone.
Collio, situated on the border of Slovenia, in the district of Gorizia, is famous for its Chardonnay and aged blend of local white wine. This area represents just over 5% of the vineyards. International varieties find here favorable conditions to develop their full potential: among them, we highlight the Sauvignon Blanc, Chardonnay and Pinot Grigio. Their wines are fermented with little or no contact with oxygen, therefore, they usually have the presence of fresh notes reminiscent of ripe apples, apricots and pineapple, accompanied by aromas of ripening as hazelnut and vanilla.
Located in the hills of the area of Trieste, it is a fairly small area and is known for its orange wine area.
Orange Wine is produced under a traditional method of making white wine, letting the juice stay in contact with the grape skins. Increasingly more appreciated, it is a wine that seduces you with aromas of dried fruits, tea leaves, sweet spices, touches of sweet oxidation, high acidity, its soft tannins and a long aftertaste.
Although there are no written rules for the grape varieties that can be used in the orange wine Carso, the most common grapes are Pinot Grigio, Ribolla Gialla, Malvasia or, where it is appropriate, the blend is decided by the producer himself.
La Gioiosa Fragolino Rosso: a red wine from Friuli-Venezia Giulia and has an alcohol content of 9%. Uvinum users evaluate this red wine with 4,5 out of 5 points.
Jermann Pinot Grigio 2015: a white wine from Friuli-Venezia Giulia based on the best pinot grigio from 2015 and presents an alcohol content of 13%.